The largest rainforest on earth, the Amazon, has proved unrivalled biological diversity according to a report by WWF; Amazon Alive
! Over 1200 new species of plants and vertebrates have been discovered over the last decade. A number greater than other areas such as Bornea, the Congo Basic
and Eastern Himalayas combined over the same time period.
In total 637 plants, 257 fish, 216 amphibians, 55 reptiles, 16 birds and 39 mammals have cambodia discovery tours
This includes the Drosera amazonica, commonly known by scientists in 2009 as the Amazon Sundew. This particular plant species was found cambodia discovery
in the lowlands of Brazil, which is rare as most have only been recorded in sandy coastal habitats.
The Drosera amazonica is about 10cm tall and can be found on white quartz sand savannas, which are seasonally flooded. Due to high acidity and nutrient lacking soil, the Drosera amazonica lures, by exuding a sweet perfume, and captures insects using glandular tentacles covered
with sticky secretions.
"Pleased hardly describes how ecstatic I felt when I finally discovered this plant after 10 years of searching for it" quoted Dr Fernando Rivadavia, discoverer of the Drosera amazonica.
The region spans 8 South American countries and is home to 30 million people. At least 17% of the Amazon has been destroyed, mainly due to land conversion for meat, soy and bio-fuels. Climate change is also slowly having cambodia discovery tours
an affect on this moist tropical ecosystem. The implications of this massive ecosystem shift for biodiversity, global climate and human livelihoods will be profound as cambodia discovery tours
the Amazon stores 90 - 140 billion tonnes of carbon.
"The vital importance of the Amazon rainforest is well known. As the largest tract of tropical rainforest in the world, the region has unparalleled biodiversity. It harbours one in 10 known species in the world and one in five of all birds. The Amazon rainforest supports the highest diversity of plant species on Earth: depending where you are, you can find from 150 to 900 individual trees per hectare. The Amazon is also home to a diverse array of indigenous communities, and its rich natural resources base provides a source of livelihoods for many both within and outside the region" reports Ahmed Djoghlaf, Executive Secretary from Convention on Biological Diversity.
The Amazon river is the world's largest river in terms of volume it discharges into the ocean. 2 hours of its flow could meet the freshwater needs of New York's 7.5 million residents for a whole year.
It also houses 10% of the worlds known biodiversity and is the last refuge for threatened species such as the harpy eagles and the pink river dolphins. The biome contains 56 of the 200 Global Ecoregions, 6 Natural UNESCO Heritage sites and over 10 epidemic bird areas.
An example of how rich the Amazon is in its biodiversity is in 5 hectares of forest, 365 species of ants were found from 68 genres.
The WWF report was presenting at the 10th Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) will be held in Nagoya, Japan, 18-29 October 2010.
"WWF is calling on governments meeting in Japan at the 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity to ensure effective action and adequate resources to halt biodiversity loss by 2020.
Biodiversity concerns must be integrated across all parts of government and business, and the economic value of biodiversity needs to be accounted for adequately in decision making - only then will we be able to address the problem and ensure a future for people and nature."